The United Nations -------UNITED NATIONS SECRETARIAT ---------------------------- The Secretariat, an international staff working at the United Nations Headquarters in New York and all over the world, carries out the diverse day-to-day work of the Organization. It services the other principal organs of the United Nations and administers the programmes and policies laid down by them. At its head is the Secretary-General, who is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council for a five- year, renewable term. The duties carried out by the Secretariat are as varied as the problems dealt with by the United Nations. These range from administering peace-keeping operations to mediating international disputes. Secretariat staff also survey economic and social trends and problems; prepare studies on subjects such as human rights and sustainable development; organize international conferences on issues of world-wide concern; monitor the extent to which the decisions of United Nations bodies are being carried out; interpret speeches and translate documents into the Organization's official languages; and conduct information programmes to acquaint the world's communications media with the work of the United Nations. More than 25,000 men and women from some 160 countries make up the Secretariat staff. As international civil servants, they and the Secretary-General answer to the United Nations alone for their activities, and take an oath not to seek or receive instructions from any Government or outside authority. Under Article 100 of the Charter, each Member State undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and to refrain from seeking to influence them improperly in the discharge of their duties.